This information paper recommends a layered defence methodology to aid in the mitigation of the risks posed by identified security threats. Although the focus is on vessels when underway, measures are examined for vessels at anchor and alongside.
Ship-to-Ship (STS) transfer operations take place across different geographies and under varying environmental conditions, adding to the complexity and risks associated with such transfers. This information paper aims to support stakeholders in making their own assessments to determine suitable weather criteria and ascertain an appropriate weather window for STS operations.
The purpose of this guide is to assist those responsible for the operation of ships trading in Asia including companies, owners, masters, agents and seafarers in avoiding attacks, deterring attacks and delaying attacks, actions when attacked and evidence preservation.
While industry best management practice does not recommend the employment of Private Maritime Security Companies onboard ships, the use of experienced and competent PMSCs either onboard the vessels, where legally permitted, or on a security escort vessel, can mitigate risk.